Brazilian football league system

Brazilian football league system


The Brazilian football league system is
a series of interconnected leagues for football clubs in Brazil. It consists of
several independent pyramids, which are the national pyramid and the state
pyramids. As those pyramids are independent, clubs usually compete in
both pyramids in the same year. Both the national pyramid and the state pyramids
consist of several different levels. The best placed teams in the state
championships as well as the best ranked clubs in CBF’s ranking compete in the
Copa do Brasil. Structure
There are two simultaneous and independent pyramids in the Brazilian
football, the national pyramid, and the state pyramid.
While the national competitions are organized by CBF, the state
championships are organized by the respective football federations of each
state. The national pyramid competitions starts
in May and ends in December. The state pyramid has different duration and
schedule in each state, but in states with clubs competing on the national
first and second divisions, the main state championships run from
January/February to April/May. Most states have at least one secondary
tournament involving smaller clubs not in the top two leagues of the national
championship, this lesser championship runs from July to December. Besides the
trophy, it may award the winner(s) places in the main tournament or in the
Brazilian Cup next year. Smaller states, whose clubs do not take
part in national competitions have longer competitions, usually running
during the “winter” months: April to October.
National championships In the national pyramid, there are four
leagues, the Série A, Série B, the Série C and the Série D. The Série A, Série B
and Série C currently consist of 20 teams each, while the Série D is
contested by 40 teams. Série A and Série B are contested in a double-round-robin
format by all clubs; Série C and Série D have regional groups. Before 2009 there
was no Série D and the Série C had 64 teams in regionalized groups. Each year,
the four worst placed clubs in the Série A are relegated to the Série B and the
four top placed clubs in the Série B are promoted to Série A. This relation of
four promoted and four relegated is the same for the other levels.
The clubs competing in the Série D are the best placed state championship clubs
of the same season which are not competing in the Série A, B or C. Clubs
that are successful in their state leagues can rise higher in the pyramid,
being promoted to the Série D, and eventually to higher levels. Some state
federations organize special competitions with the purpose of
qualifying teams to the Série D. As a result of the rules detailed above,
it is possible for a minor state championship club to rise to the Série
A, and become successful in the competition. To achieve this, a club
must qualify in the state championship and, later, qualify in Séries D, C and
B. Examples of clubs that went all the way
up from the least state league until Série A are: Paraná Clube, São Caetano,
Brasiliense, Grêmio Barueri and Ipatinga. None of them are in 2015 Série
A, but Paraná and São Caetano had a relative success in Série A for a while.
Brasiliense and Ipatinga, however, never played a second year in this
competition, being quickly relegated to Série B. Grêmio Barueri, for its part,
only lasted in the first level for two years, before being relegated. The
latter three teams eventually disputed the Série D in 2014, failing on
achieving promotion. The reverse is also possible: a club
from Série A can be eventually relegated to the very least state league. A recent
example is the rich in history América-MG. América played in the Série
C in 2008 and 2009, avoiding the Série D. The club is back to National
competitions and to state first division, reaching Série A in 2011,
although already relegated to Série B in 2012. Currently, at least seven clubs
have been relegated to Série C and successfully reappeared in Série A.
Other clubs formerly in Série A, that were relegated to Séries C, D and to
no-division have not so far recovered their strength; for example Santa Cruz,
América-RJ, Remo, Juventude, Fortaleza, Guarani and Paysandu.
State championships In the state pyramid, which consists of
several independent state championships, the participating clubs, which also
include Série A and Série B clubs, are limited to their own states. The leagues
are usually divided in two, three or four levels. The number of clubs per
level, as well as the number of levels, are different in each state. For
example, in São Paulo there are 20 clubs in the first level, but in Rio de
Janeiro there are 16, and in Rondônia there are just eight clubs. Also, the
number of promoted and relegated clubs are different from one state to the
other. State championships may include obscure
formats or experiment with proposed innovations in rules. As the Série A and
Série B clubs usually have to be seeded to avoid fixture congestion, some rules
adopted may be quite unfair. In Rio de Janeiro State Championship in 2008, the
big four always played home against the other participating clubs.
State cups The state cups are usually played during
the second half of the year, after the state championships have concluded. The
participating teams are clubs not competing in the national championships
and reserve teams of clubs competing in the national championships. Examples of
such competitions are the Copa FGF, the Copa Paulista de Futebol and the Copa
Rio. Copa do Brasil
The Copa do Brasil is contested between the winners and best placed clubs of the
previous season state championships, and by the best placed clubs in the CBF
ranking. From 2013, it is played between the months of April and November.
Current system 1The state championships are not
officially hierarchically behind the Série D, but they are used by CBF as a
way to promote clubs to the competition. The state championships are the lowest
level for professional clubs. There are amateur competitions too,
organized by the federation of each city. However, they are closed, and
can’t make it to the state main division without the approval of the board.
=Current teams in Campeonato Brasileiro Teams by state
In 2015 the following states will have teams in Series A, B and C.
The teams from each state participating in the 2015 Campeonato Brasileiro Series
A, B and C are listed below. Participation in Serie D varies every
year. Serie A
Serie B Serie C
State league pyramid examples The Campeonato Paulista table below is
an example of a state league pyramid. It is divided in four levels. The first
three levels are disputed by 20 teams each, while the fourth level can be
disputed by any clubs not in the first three levels. As of 2015, 30 teams will
take place on the state’s fourth level. The competitions are organized by the
São Paulo Football Federation. The Campeonato Catarinense table below
is another example of a state league pyramid. It is divided in three levels.
The first two levels are disputed by 10 teams each. As of 2014 the third level
is disputed by only 7 clubs. The competitions are organized by the Santa
Catarina Football Federation. The Campeonato Mineiro table below is
another example of a state league pyramid. It is divided in three levels.
The first and second levels are played by 12 teams each. As of 2014, the third
level has 11 participants. The competitions are organized by the Minas
Gerais Football Federation. References
External links Brazilian football competitions at RSSSF
Brazilian Football

About the Author: Garret Beatty

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