Hey everyone, welcome to this first Ruletool Academy video on Rule 1 related to the game, the ball, the players and their equipment So let’s get started The first thing we need to have before we can start to play a game is to agree on a set of rules There are several rulebooks for American football as you probably know We have rulebooks for Peewee, the very young players We have highschool rules NFL rules for the professional league Canadian football, which is really a different game College (NCAA rules) and IFAF rules And because IFAF rules and college rules are used internationally the most I’ll focus on those rulebooks during this Academy Of course we also need to have a field to play on I created two diagrams: the NFL field and the field used for NFHS, NCAA and IFAF. As you can see the field don’t differ a lot. Just the field markings differ, which affects the play a bit. Other than that, the basics are the same The field measures 100 yards, about 91 meters. plus two 10-yard endzones. So those scales are the same for NFL and NCAA/IFAF. Let’s proceed to the ball we’re playing with. There are several types of game balls depending on the age of the players. Younger players play with smaller balls. For NCAA and IFAF the ball needs to have a stripe at the top ends The NFL balls do not have a white stripe. The ball must be new or nearly new. and they must be inflated to 12.5 to 13.5 psi. Depenidng on the league you’re playing in the home team, or the organising team, or both teams need to bring, or must bring, or are prohibited to bring their own game balls So that’s something to check locally. Next slide is related to the players. There are 11 players of each team on the field at one time. Unlimited substitutions are allowed when play is stopped, so on dead ball. We’re going to cover the equipment rules next.They are the same for all players. The rules differ between mandatory, optional and illegal equipment. We’re going to cover that now. This is a list of mandatory equipment for IFAF and NCAA Helmets and facemasks are required. The facemask should not be overbuilt. We’re going to cover overbuilt facemasks next. Those are illegal. The mouthpiece must not be white or transparent. So basically when you’re walking on the field, everyone can see their you’re wearing a mouthpiece. Shoulder pads, jersey Over the years, a lot different types of jerseys were developed. and the rules were developed accordingly. They are now very specific on what is legal and what is not. We’re going to cover that later. Hip pads, tailbone protector are mandatory The pants must be in team colour and design. Thigh guards are mandatory Knee pads must be 0.5 inch thick. and are strongly recommended to cover the knees. The rules committee has proposed a rule that they mandatory to cover the knees. That rule will not be implemented this year. The socks must also be in team color and design. This is the list for optional equipment. Eye shields are optional, but they may not be tinted. Eye shade is optional but should not contain text. For example for commercial purposes. Hand warmers, towels, game information may be n the wrist or arm. And gloves. There are no regulations on the color or design anymore. Now we’re going to illegal equipment. We can divide that between equipment that could endanger other players confuse or deceive other players or could provide an unfair advantage. I won’t cover all the details, it’s of course in your rulebook. So have a look at it. This is an example – a Ruletest question. Have a look at #8. It that illegal equipment, is that optional equipment, or is it legal/mandatory equipment? Well, the equipment itself, the backplate is mandatory, but it’s illegal illegal if not covered by the jersey. So the answer is: it’s illegal, because the backplate must be covered. We covered it before: overbuilt facemasks are now illegal. The rulebook does not provide clear requirements about what is overbuilt and what is standard. The rule of thumb is if you count the bars under the eyes: 4 bars is legal. Five is probably illegal. Six is usually always illegal. Some example on legal facemasks, as you can see here. All of them have either 2, 3 or 4 bars below the eyes. And should then be considered legal. The bottom right facemask has 5 bars but is considered legal. So, a question, which of these facemasks is illegal? As you may recall, count the bars. You can probably see that #3 is overbuilt and therefore illegal. So what is the penalty if a a player wears illegal equipment or does not wear mandatory equipment? Then he is required to leave the game for at least one down. Until his equipment is corrected. There an exception is the rules, saying that if the illegal equipment was caused by play then he does not have to leave for 1 down but he needs to correct his equipment before the next play. If a team takes a timeout they can ‘buy’ the player back in. So, a player normally should leave the game for one down. But a team takes a timeout. Then the next down the player can participate again. That rule is fine, until we are faced with a whole team wearing illegal jerseys. As you can see in the examples here. What happens then? The rule now says that the team is then charged a timeout at the start of each quarter. So basically at the start of the first quarter, they are charged a timeout. And at the start of the second quarter, third and fourth. Until they start wearing correct jerseys. The two examples here are illegal. The jersey with #87 is not contrasting enough The size of jersey number of #18 is not large enough, so illegal. Remember… (read slide) The visiting team may also wear their own team color, as long as it’s preapproved or contrasting enough. That’s it for equipment, thanks for watching!